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Targu Neamt, Judetul Neamt
Built at the end of XVI century by Peter I (1374-1391). Fortress construction was carried out in two stages. The first stage, during the reign of Petru I Musat, resulted in raising a central force, almost square, with foundations built in steps, adapted to form land, which rose 2 to 3 m thick walls and high of 12 m, equipped with battlements and cannons of defense with four corners. The exterior walls were supported by buttresses 15, strong and impressive. Inside, the walls were high resistance inside the outer walls. There is a fountain in the courtyard (partially liberated from archaeological excavations), which reached groundwater.These walls of the fort built by Petru I Musat have survived well so far. The second period of the fortress was built during the reign of Stephen the Great (1457-1504). Now its added exterior courtyard was about 800 m2 and built a new ring of walls, with four semi-circular bastions, which could withstand siege artillery. Were built up to 20 meters and walls of the old fort. Around the city to dig a new moat, 10m deep and 25m long, which was built over an arched bridge, supported on 11 stone pillars (now restored), which provides entry into the city, the central gate.Portion of the last pillar and up the exterior wall, isolating the city from the rest of the bridge. Entry into the city closes a bridge in the sweep, which rises with chains. Also during this period were built and buildings bodies courtyard with houses on one side royal, house of the ruler on another side, with church, shops for food and ammunition, with houses and workshops was led by craftsmen saCetatea a Parcalab, which is based on documents from the fifteenth century. He had broad military powers, administrative and judiciary in the entire land, which he took his name from the city.From Alexander the Good (1400-1431), were mentioned in documents parcalabii Sandru (1403) and Stanislas Rotompan, who was part of the Moldovan delegation to the Council of Constanta (Switzerland). History is tied-Neamt Fortress the country's tumultuous past. After he resisted, in the year 1395, under the reign of Stefan Musat, attack troops Hungarian King Sigismund dismissed in 1476 under the reign of Stephen the Great, attacks Mohammed II, the conqueror of Constantinople, the head of a army of 200,000 men. Turks retreated and the city was left with her halo of glory, but mourning the death fearless Parcalab Tree, who governed the city and land in 1471.After the heyday of Stephen the Great, the city continues to play an important role in the Moldovan defensive system, the rulers Bogdan III (1504-1517), Stefania (1517-1527) and Petru Rares (1527-1538 , 1541-1546). Jeremiah heap re-Neamt Fortress, which apparently had no major damage, and put there a garrison. -Neamt fortress opened its gates in front of Michael the Brave soldiers, who proclaimed ruler of Moldavia, thus making the first connection of the three Romanian countries in the year 1600.In the reign of Vasile Lupu (1634-1653), the fortress been strengthened. To deceive the vigilance Gate, founded a monastery in the city which has a hearing under Secu Monastery.Vasile Lupu made arrangements in the city, in order to create a safe refuge for their families and possessions. In 1650, when Moldova was sacked by the Tartars, ruler Vasile Lupu and his family and other boyars fled to cetate.Intre years 1662 and 1672, under the reign Dabija Voda, worked in the city that a monetary beat copper money. Archaeological excavations have unearthed bronze coins and pieces of metal punching. Until 1673, the city was occupied by a Polish-German garrison, which he drove a Dumitrascu Cantacuzino (1674-1675). Turkish command of the castle is left to decay without being destroyed.In 1686, the city was hosted by Ruxandra lady, daughter of Vasile Lupu, widow Thymus Khmelnytsky Cossack hetman, who was robbed and killed a bunch of gate threshold wander Cossacks, who wandered the country for 1691 jefui.In , of Castle-Neamt Plăieşii commit an act of bravery, lasting four days siege of the Polish army led by King John Sobieski. Of the total number of 19 defenders of the fortress, on the fifth day of siege, 10 were dead and three wounded. Polish army suffered great losses, killing 50 fighters and artillery commander.To enter the city aghiotantii Polish king made a false letter, as being sent by the commander Constantine Cantemir Voda city, asking to open the gates in front of the conquerors. The letter was reinforced with a royal seal, put a grammar Moldovan between Polish bastard. Plăieşii have submitted the order, which he believed came from the ruler, but put the condition to be let free. Sobieski agreed, but was surprised when he saw the city gate they came out just six frontier guards, who led another three injured shoulders. In view of this small group of defenders, the Polish king was furious, ordered to be killed.He spoke Iablonowsky Hetman, who remember the promises and the respect due to some fool curajosi.Incercari city building are made by Michael Racovita in 1716, when the stave fountain courtyard, but the city has not played a fortress, because in 1718 the Turks have ordered a tear. Fortress has remained neglected, being slowly destroyed by weather or by the locals, who used stone building. Since the nineteenth century, there were concerns for the conservation of historical monuments. In 1834, \ "Department because it within Moldova \" prohibit taking stone from the city and declared a historical monument in 1866.In the periods 1939-1942 and 1953-1954, were conducted archaeological excavations and research, and in 1962-1970, the city is consolidated and partially restored, to be included in the tourist circuit. Works building and the walls were made in 1992 in the UNESCO program of restoration and renovation of historical monuments.
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